Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.
Section X: Essential Strategies for Teaching Writing across the Curriculum
A Brief Overview of Writing across the Curriculum
The more students are exposed to writing instruction and practice, the better writers they become. Although teachers are aware of the importance of developing proficient writers, this goal is not being realized for too many students. As reported by the National Assessment of Educational Progress on the National Center for Educational Statistics (2007) website, for eighth-grade students, the “average writing scores were higher in 2007 than in previous assessments in 2002 and 1998.” However, such increases described the percentages of students performing at or above the “Basic” achievement level, not at or above “Proficient.” For students to use writing as an effective tool ...