Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.
Essential Strategies for Teaching Discussion for Understanding
A Brief Overview of Discussion for Understanding
The purpose of Section VIII is to provide teachers with instructional strategies that use discussion as the central tool for student understanding and learning. We have included discussion as a separate section because of its value in promoting higher level thinking and acquiring academic language. Theories and research have supported the role of classroom talk in cognitive and literacy development. Using Vygotsky's (1978) perspective, literacy learning occurs from socially meaningful activities that are mediated through language. Teachers who support social constructivism believe that literacy is learned and developed in classroom environments where authentic dialogue is supported and encouraged. Such authentic dialogue is quite different from teacher-led ...