Fifty research-based literacy strategies designed for busy K-8 classroom teachersOrganized around 10 key areas for teaching and learning literacy—phonemic awareness, phonics, reading fluency, vocabulary, story comprehension, comprehension of informational text, questioning for understanding, discussion for understanding, narrative writing, and writing to learn-Promoting Literacy Development offers 50 clearly written, step-by-step strategies for developing proficient readers and writers. The authors also include suggestions for differentiating instruction for English language learners and for students with special needs.
Essential Strategies for Teaching Phonemic Awareness
What is phonemic awareness and how does it impact reading? Many early childhood and primary grade teachers wrestle with these questions on a daily basis. This section presents the research on phonemic awareness and best practices for training students to identify sounds.
A Brief Overview of Phonemic Awareness
Phonemic awareness is the ability to focus on and manipulate phonemes in the spoken word (Ehri, Nunes, Willows, & Schuster, 2001). Phonemes are the smallest units in the spoken language, with English containing approximately 41 phonemes (Ehri & Nunes, 2002). Young students often have difficulties letting go of the letters and just concentrating on the sounds in the spoken word. Yet research indicates that phonemic awareness and letter ...