This book offers educational and psychological perspectives to inform practice and increase options in addressing conflict situations. The first part of the book helps the educator understand the reasons for resistance and ways to prevent it. The second part explains how educators motivate dominant groups to support social justice. This book is an excellent resource for group facilitators, counselors, trainers in classrooms and workshops, professors, teachers, higher education personnel, community educators, and other professionals involved with educating others about diversity and equity.

Understanding Resistance

Understanding resistance

In the previous chapter, I described the phase of contradiction, where the intention is to help people engage in critical thinking and the development of critical consciousness. People are encouraged to question assumptions, explore new ideas, and consider alternative perspectives. In diversity and social justice education, this process involves examining power relationships, structural inequalities, and ideology. It includes personal reflection and critical analysis that usually challenge how people view the world and see themselves. Although some individuals may embrace this exploration, others resist. Consider the following situations:

  • Whenever stories are shared that illustrate how racism affects people of color, a White male asserts that he is really the one being discriminated against.
  • A student sits in class with arms crossed, does not participate, and ...
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