Issues such as lesbians and gay men serving openly in the military, same-sex marriage and the inclusion of sexual orientation in anti-discrimination and hate crime laws have evolved along with the rival progay and anitgay communities. As a result of public policy debates, the U. S. progay movement has moved toward an essentialist, non-sexual identity while traditionalists have shifted toward a secular public self-representation. This book analyzes the internal disagreements within the two movements.

Debate within Communities

Debate within communities

Despite generalizations made in the previous two chapters about the appeals and strategies of progay and antigay advocates, understanding the variant sexuality issue culture requires recognition that various factions within each camp sponsor different versions of their shared interpretive packages. Both progay and antigay interpretive packages are ambiguous in the sense that they imply a “range of positions, rather than any single one, allowing for a degree of controversy among those who share a common frame” (Gamson & Modigliani, 1989, p. 3). Neither side is monolithic in public debate about variant sexuality and each speaks with a multitude of voices (Gallagher & Bull, 1996, p. xii). In a variety of ways, antigay and progay advocates struggle not only against one ...

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