What do I need to learn in order to progress through my course? How do I achieve the best possible patient-care?

Professional Skills for Nurses answers both of these questions and supports the development of key nursing skills underpinned by theory. Designed specifically to meet the needs of nursing students in the initial stages of training, the book focuses on the essential knowledge and skills needed for effective patient-care while at the same time helping students to achieve the NMC outcomes required for entry into branch programs.

Each chapter focuses on a key aspect of nursing care backed up with practical tips, examples drawn from all branches of nursing, and a range of study activities to help you reflect on your learning and get the most from practice placements.

Key themes in healthcare such as ethics, evidence-based practice and health promotion are discussed throughout the book, highlighting how these relate to everyday nursing practice.

Focusing on the core skills covered in the initial stages of training, Professional Skills in Nursing is the ideal introduction for students during the Common Foundation Program.

Wound Care

Wound care

Learning Outcomes

This chapter is designed to help you:

  • understand the structure of the skin
  • understand wound healing, especially (a) the various stages of the process and (b) the factors that affect healing
  • understand what causes pressure ulcers
  • understand how to prevent pressure sores
  • understand the principles of wound cleaning and wound dressing
  • understand the scope of a nurse's professional responsibilities.


The skin is the largest organ of the body. It consists of a number of layers, namely the epidermis; dermis; and subcutaneous layers. The epidermis consists of stratified (i.e., layered) squamous epithelium, where keratin and melanin are found. These protect the skin from harmful substances and from the sun. The epidermis contains no blood vessels or nerve endings. It has hair and contains ...

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