This book tells the story of the principal European intellectual professions from the demise of the ancient régime to the rise of the European Union. A historical study which applies sociological concepts it creates a European-scale picture of the professions spanning over two centuries of change. Uniting the legal, medical, engineering and accounting professions it provides a comparative historical and sociological exploration of 'Professional Europe'. The book: • comprehensively investigates the roots and origins of the four professions• reconstructs the processes and changes which have characterised them • charts their response to external agents such as the state, diverse social movements, economic crises and wars. Inspired by Bourdieu it rejects theories of professionalization drawing instead upon the sociology of crisis and theories on the decline of the professions to introduce the intellectual professions' relationship with the fascist and authoritarian regimes. Detailed, well defined and critical in its application Professional Men, Professional Women also examines the role of women within the professions and includes a devoted chapter conducting a twofold comparison between countries and professions.
Introduction: The European Professions between Crisis and Transformation
This book recounts the story of the principal European liberal professions from the demise of the Ancien Régime to the formation of the European Union and thereafter. It is a historical study which makes use of sociological concepts. The barriers that used to divide sociology from the history of the professions have long since disappeared, and recent studies by Michael Burrage (2006) and Liora Israël (2005) are excellent examples of sociology's use of historiographical tools and approaches. A long-period time horizon and comparative analysis are the pivotal dimensions of this book, which conducts a joint study of the liberal professions in four European countries and across two centuries from the ...