The Second Edition of Preventing Prejudice: A Guide for Counselors, Educators, and Parents has been completely revised and expanded to provide the most up-to-date and extensive coverage of prejudice and racism available. The new edition of this bestselling text presents a comprehensive overview of these topics and also includes practical tools for combating prejudice development in children, adolescents, and adults.
Chapter 2: Some Historical Background on the Origins and Evolution of Racial Prejudice
Some Historical Background on the Origins and Evolution of Racial Prejudice
There is evidence to suggest that racism has its roots in prehistoric times. In fact, some scientists have suggested that evolution genetically predisposed humans to harbor attitudes and feelings of racial prejudice (Duckitt, 1992; Fox, 1992; Ichheiser, 1970; Schaller, 2003). These theorists posit that tendencies toward racism and racial prejudice are the evolutionary by-product of adaptive survival strategies that allowed early humans to distinguish between friend and foe. It was through the process of natural selection, whereby only behaviors with the most adaptive utility are retained, that the human brain was programmed to rely on physical markers to assess the threat potential of competing ...