Even in today's society, gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals experience multiple pressures and constraints related to their lifestyles, in addition to the stresses of everyday life. This dual tension can result in psychopathology among gay men, lesbians, and bisexuals. Preventing Heterosexism and Homophobia examines the gay and lesbian experience in light of their tension and points toward a future free of heterosexism. The stress of “coming out,” the uncertainty of parenting their children, and the difficulties facing ethnic minority lesbians and bisexuals cannot be adequately addressed without confronting the heterosexual bias in society. The contributors to this informative volume propose methods geared toward eliminating heterosexual bias in various settings–health care, therapy, communities, corporate America, and education. Ultimately, this book examines both the risks and joys of being gay, lesbian, and bisexual, and how to prevent heterosexism and its effects on the lives of all people, including those of heterosexuals. Students and professionals in interpersonal communication and interpersonal relations, clinical psychology, and public health will benefit greatly from the original perspectives this book has to offer.

Immigrant and Refugee Lesbians

Immigrant and refugee lesbians
OlivaM.Espín

A large proportion of the world's immigrants and refugees are women. According to the United Nations Commission for Refugees, 80% of all refugees in the world are women and their children. One can assume that lesbians are present among these immigrants and refugees in similar proportions as in other populations of women. Demographic studies have demonstrated that the ethnic composition of the gay and lesbian population in North America is very much like the entire population (Tremble, Schneider, & Appathurai, 1989). In the United States, the current estimate is that the foreign-born population is about 20 million (Rogler, 1994). Thus, there must be about 1 million lesbians among immigrants in the United States alone and many more than ...

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