Outcome studies have shown that treatment does not work if administered too late. Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency presents the newest research on the effectiveness of prevention and early intervention programs with children, from birth to adolescence. The contributors to this volume examine the theory and practice of leading programs designed to prevent social and behavioral problems–including violence and substance abuse–in children and adolescents. The innovative programs analyzed here focus on social skills training for children with conduct disorders, anger coping group work for aggressive children, parent training programs, life skills training for substance abuse prevention, and programs for high-risk youth and rural populations. All designed to intervene before the onset of disorders or to deal effectively with problems when they first appear, many of the programs also emphasize strengthening family, school, and community involvement for successful risk reduction. Clinical psychologists and human services professionals who work with children and youths will find Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency illuminating. This book also will be of interest to policy makers who are looking for more effective and efficient interventions to child and adolescent problems.
Chapter 2: Promoting Development and Preventing Disorder: The Better Beginnings, Better Futures Project
Promoting Development and Preventing Disorder: The Better Beginnings, Better Futures Project
Due to better sanitation, improved nutrition, and more effective curative medicine, the health of children throughout the world has shown consistent improvement over the past 100 years and continues to show increased improvement in the most recent decades (Doll, 1983). As a result, the majority of chronic disorders affecting children and adolescents in developed countries consist largely of psychological, social, and educational problems (Graham, 1985).
Survey studies indicate that the prevalence of mental health problems among children aged 4 to 16 in developed countries is between 10% and 20% [Page 20](Institute of Medicine, 1989; Offord, 1985; Offord, Boyle, & Racine, 1991), and there is reason ...