Outcome studies have shown that treatment does not work if administered too late. Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency presents the newest research on the effectiveness of prevention and early intervention programs with children, from birth to adolescence. The contributors to this volume examine the theory and practice of leading programs designed to prevent social and behavioral problems–including violence and substance abuse–in children and adolescents. The innovative programs analyzed here focus on social skills training for children with conduct disorders, anger coping group work for aggressive children, parent training programs, life skills training for substance abuse prevention, and programs for high-risk youth and rural populations. All designed to intervene before the onset of disorders or to deal effectively with problems when they first appear, many of the programs also emphasize strengthening family, school, and community involvement for successful risk reduction. Clinical psychologists and human services professionals who work with children and youths will find Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency illuminating. This book also will be of interest to policy makers who are looking for more effective and efficient interventions to child and adolescent problems.
Chapter 10: Substance Abuse Prevention through Life Skills Training
Substance Abuse Prevention through Life Skills Training
The Problem of Drug Abuse
Drug abuse is a major public health problem in the United States and Canada. Cigarette smoking is a risk factor for heart disease, various cancers, and chronic obstructive lung disease and accounts for over 430,000 deaths per year in the United States (U.S. Public Health Service, 1989). Alcohol is not only related to chronic diseases such as cirrhosis of the liver but is also a major factor in auto fatalities and homicides. Beyond this, adolescent drug use predicts a number of other undesirable outcomes, such as reducing traditional educational accomplishments and job stability, increasing the likelihood of marrying and having children at younger ages, and increasing the likelihood ...