Outcome studies have shown that treatment does not work if administered too late. Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency presents the newest research on the effectiveness of prevention and early intervention programs with children, from birth to adolescence. The contributors to this volume examine the theory and practice of leading programs designed to prevent social and behavioral problems–including violence and substance abuse–in children and adolescents. The innovative programs analyzed here focus on social skills training for children with conduct disorders, anger coping group work for aggressive children, parent training programs, life skills training for substance abuse prevention, and programs for high-risk youth and rural populations. All designed to intervene before the onset of disorders or to deal effectively with problems when they first appear, many of the programs also emphasize strengthening family, school, and community involvement for successful risk reduction. Clinical psychologists and human services professionals who work with children and youths will find Preventing Childhood Disorders, Substance Abuse, and Delinquency illuminating. This book also will be of interest to policy makers who are looking for more effective and efficient interventions to child and adolescent problems.
Chapter 1: Prevention of Violence and Antisocial Behavior
Prevention of Violence and Antisocial Behavior
The problem of violence has been dominant in the public mind for the past few years. In part, this is because of the steady increase in criminal offending, generally over the past 30 years (Moffitt, 1993), but it is also because there is evidence that the seriousness of aggression and antisocial behavior among adolescents has accelerated. Fox and Pierce (1994) report that homicide arrests doubled among 15- and 16-year-olds over the period from 1986 to 1991 without any population increase in the number of youth of this age. In a theoretical article on the causes of adolescent conduct problems, Moffitt provided graphs for uniform crime statistics that illustrate the marked increase in adolescent crimes ...