The Second Edition of Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency: A Comprehensive Framework aims to inform students about the latest research and the most promising and effective programs and provides a wealth of information for understanding, preventing and controlling juvenile delinquency. Key Features
- Examines the history of current juvenile justice system policies and practices, including the juvenile violence “epidemic”
- Discusses key myths about juvenile violence and the ability of the juvenile justice system to handle modern-day juvenile delinquents
- Applies developmental theories of juvenile delinquency to understanding how juvenile offender careers evolve
- Reviews effective prevention and rehabilitation programs and what does not work
- Presents a comprehensive framework for building a continuum of effective programs
Intended Audience: This is an ideal supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and violent offender intervention courses. It is also essential reading for juvenile justice and social services research and development specialists.
Chapter 6: Youth Gangs
The terms street gang and youth gang are used interchangeably. These seemingly similar terms can embrace widely varying gangs (Box 6.1). At one end of the spectrum, researchers define youth gangs very restrictively To illustrate, the following are widely accepted criteria among researchers for classifying groups as youth gangs (or street gangs):
- The group must have three or more members, generally ages 12-24.
- Members must share some sense of identity, especially symbols and a name.
- Members must view themselves as a gang and be recognized by others as a gang.
- They must have some permanence and a degree of organization.
- They must have verbal and nonverbal forms of communication.
- They are involved in an elevated level of criminal activity (Curry & Decker, 2003; Esbensen, Winfree, He, & Taylor, ...