The Second Edition of Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency: A Comprehensive Framework aims to inform students about the latest research and the most promising and effective programs and provides a wealth of information for understanding, preventing and controlling juvenile delinquency. Key Features
- Examines the history of current juvenile justice system policies and practices, including the juvenile violence “epidemic”
- Discusses key myths about juvenile violence and the ability of the juvenile justice system to handle modern-day juvenile delinquents
- Applies developmental theories of juvenile delinquency to understanding how juvenile offender careers evolve
- Reviews effective prevention and rehabilitation programs and what does not work
- Presents a comprehensive framework for building a continuum of effective programs
Intended Audience: This is an ideal supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and violent offender intervention courses. It is also essential reading for juvenile justice and social services research and development specialists.
Chapter 4: A Theory of Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Involvement
A Theory of Juvenile Delinquency and Gang Involvement
The chapter begins with an explanation of the risk-protection framework that undergirds modern developmental theories of delinquency. This is followed by a review of the major risk factors for serious and violent delinquency. The chapter concludes with an illustration of how risk factors operate in a theoretical framework that provides an explanation of the social development process that leads to delinquency and gang involvement.
The Risk-Protection Framework
Risk- and protection-focused approaches to the prevention of particular problems were pioneered by public health professionals and have been successful in reducing problems as diverse as cardiovascular disease and traffic-related injuries (Institute of Medicine, 1994). Risk-focused strategies for the prevention of cardiovascular disease seek to ...