The Second Edition of Preventing and Reducing Juvenile Delinquency: A Comprehensive Framework aims to inform students about the latest research and the most promising and effective programs and provides a wealth of information for understanding, preventing and controlling juvenile delinquency. Key Features
- Examines the history of current juvenile justice system policies and practices, including the juvenile violence “epidemic”
- Discusses key myths about juvenile violence and the ability of the juvenile justice system to handle modern-day juvenile delinquents
- Applies developmental theories of juvenile delinquency to understanding how juvenile offender careers evolve
- Reviews effective prevention and rehabilitation programs and what does not work
- Presents a comprehensive framework for building a continuum of effective programs
Intended Audience: This is an ideal supplementary text for undergraduate and graduate courses in juvenile delinquency, juvenile justice, and violent offender intervention courses. It is also essential reading for juvenile justice and social services research and development specialists.
Chapter 3: Juvenile Delinquency Trends
Juvenile Delinquency Trends
An unprecedented youth violence epidemic is said to have occurred in the late 1980s and early 1990s (Blumstein, 1995a, 1995b; Cook & Laub, 1998; Fox, 1996b). In this chapter I examine the so-called epidemic, focusing on serious and violent juvenile delinquency trends in two time periods: from 1980 to the present and from the late 1980s through the early 1990s. The longer time frame puts in proper perspective the increases in violent juvenile delinquency reported for the late 1980s and early 1990s. In the first section of the chapter, I examine in detail the rates of serious and violent delinquency in both of the time periods; I then provide information on the claims that a new juvenile crime wave actually ...