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Chapter 3: The Power of Engagement
How important is student engagement to the learning process? Charlotte Danielson writes in her Enhancing Professional Practice: A Framework for Teaching, that without student engagement, nothing else done will matter. Student engagement is not always about hands-on actions; it is not about busy work. Intellectual involvement is the definition of true engagement (Danielson, 2007, pp. 82–85).
As we looked for student engagement in classrooms, we had to recognize and articulate the distinctions among volunteerism, participation, and true engagement. Individual volunteerism begins on the kindergarten carpet and continues to be a part of the overwhelming majority of classrooms we visit: Most classrooms have a sufficient number of students willing to raise their hands and interact during teacher-directed activities. We ...