This major book provides an up-to-date and state-of-the-art overview of the contemporary theory and practice of the most central concept in political science: power. The concept of political power is introduced within a three-part framework: contemporary theories of power; applications of power processes and practices; and the implications of modern power flows across the globe today. The book explores the many structures of power in the contemporary world from theories of its construction and use, to its operation in policy networks, and its wider exercise at different levels in the political process, from the local to the global. Amongst the many themes explored are the reproduction and
Chapter 6: Political Influence of NGOs on International Environmental Issues
Political Influence of NGOs on International Environmental Issues
The concepts of power and influence are important issues in political science. For instance, one may want to know whether one or several elites determine political outcomes in different areas of urban decision-making (Dahl, 1961; Hunter, 1953; Mills, 1956), whether business organizations have an impact on local politics (Braam, 1973), or whether protest and pressure groups make a difference in the construction of highways (Huberts, 1989). This chapter deals with similar research questions. It examines the political influence of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), such as Greenpeace International, Friends of the Earth International and the World Wide Fund for Nature, on global environmental policies.
However, the concepts of power and influence are also ...