The significance of postmodernism for understanding social welfare has never been systematically explained. In this major book, Peter Leonard rectifies matters. He provides readers with an accessible, relevant, and authoritative guide to postmodern welfare. The last two decades have witnessed a sustained assault on the Keynesian “welfare state.” Throughout the West, governments have sought to replace the post-war welfare compact with neo-conservative individualism, which has championed reduced taxation, increased profitability, market competitiveness, and minimal residual public services. The alternatives for the Leftùfor feminists, socialists, those struggling against racism and for minority cultural rightsùlook bleak. Postmodernism appears to have compounded the problem by questioning the validity of a mass politics of emancipation based on universal values of justice, reason, and progress. Leonard develops a particular reading of the impact of postmodernism in a number of crucial areas of social theory and political practice. His aim is to consider how positive and creative thinking about welfare can be reconstructed. This possibility of reconstruction is developed through an analysis of issues crucial to contemporary debates on welfare: the notion of the individual subject; the context of culture; the nature of organization; the imperatives of the economy; and the possibilities of a politics of resistance. The book seeks to enable the reader to participate in a dialogue about the future of welfare under the specific postmodern condition of late capitalism. Well-judged, incisive, and brilliantly written, this book places the subject of postmodernism on the agenda of contemporary debates about the welfare state. It will be required reading for anyone interested in postmodern theory, the welfare state, and the social and political prospects for Western societies.
Whenever the welfare state is attacked for generating or denigrating cultures, from the Right, for example, for encouraging a culture of dependency, or from the Left for failing to respond to cultural diversity, dispute invariably includes attention to problems of organization. In these political debates the terms organization and organize appear to be used in two, related senses. The first term is a noun, referring to welfare organizations, the agencies that plan and deliver services and are typically referred to, especially if they are government-controlled bodies, as bureaucracies. The second is a verb, and refers to a process whereby the state organizes both its resources (including what have become known as ‘human resources’) and its recipient populations in an attempt to fulfil its policies ...