Post-Conflict Reconstruction: From Extremism to Peaceful Co-Existence is a comprehensive presentation on the root causes of state fragility, which provides an enabling environment for violent religious extremism. It addresses various security, political, socio-economic and external factors that contribute to state fragility, which is further enhanced in a conflict environment. The book deals closely with the use of violence due to ideological, religious and political reasons. By analyzing the situations in the post-conflict states of Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Pakistan, Nigeria and Libya, the book establishes the co-relationship between state fragility and religious extremism in post-conflict settings. The book emphasizes the need to address the grievances of marginalized sections in all countries with fragile state structures that usually take to violence to make their voices heard. It also highlights the imperative for swift rehabilitation of poor people—who typically bear the brunt of conflicts and are often displaced forcefully—for restoring peace and security, and averting future disturbance.

Pakistan: Caught between Fragility and Extremism Trap

Pakistan: Caught between Fragility and Extremism Trap

Pakistan: caught between fragility and extremism trap


Pakistan offers a unique case study to understand the nexus between fragility and extremism. While the country has never faced a countrywide civil war or any conflict-like situation, parts of its territory have witnessed violent conflicts since its establishment in August 1947. According to a report published by the USIP in 2016, the Balochistan province is the most fragile of its constituent units.1 The province has witnessed violent insurgencies in 1948, 1958–1959, 1962–1963, 1973–1977 and the current insurgency since 2003. These insurgencies are ethno-nationalist separatist movements, based on discontentment over the power-sharing agreement with the central government. The former FATA of Pakistan (merged with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province as the ...

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