Post-Conflict Reconstruction: From Extremism to Peaceful Co-Existence is a comprehensive presentation on the root causes of state fragility, which provides an enabling environment for violent religious extremism. It addresses various security, political, socio-economic and external factors that contribute to state fragility, which is further enhanced in a conflict environment. The book deals closely with the use of violence due to ideological, religious and political reasons. By analyzing the situations in the post-conflict states of Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Pakistan, Nigeria and Libya, the book establishes the co-relationship between state fragility and religious extremism in post-conflict settings. The book emphasizes the need to address the grievances of marginalized sections in all countries with fragile state structures that usually take to violence to make their voices heard. It also highlights the imperative for swift rehabilitation of poor people—who typically bear the brunt of conflicts and are often displaced forcefully—for restoring peace and security, and averting future disturbance.
State Fragility and the Rise of ISIS in Iraq
Before the US invasion of Iraq in March 2003, the country enjoyed relative stability under Saddam Hussein-led Baathist regime. The Baath party came into power in 1963 as a result of a successful military coup. Despite being one of the most influential members of the Baath Party, Saddam Hussein only became president of Iraq in 1979. The consolidation of power in one hand and strict autocracy superficially turned Iraq into a peaceful country. The issues of sectarian strife and politico-economic marginalization of the Iraqis, which could have disturbed the Iraqi polity, could not come up to the surface, due to the repressive nature of the Iraqi regime. ...