Post-Conflict Reconstruction: From Extremism to Peaceful Co-Existence is a comprehensive presentation on the root causes of state fragility, which provides an enabling environment for violent religious extremism. It addresses various security, political, socio-economic and external factors that contribute to state fragility, which is further enhanced in a conflict environment. The book deals closely with the use of violence due to ideological, religious and political reasons. By analyzing the situations in the post-conflict states of Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Pakistan, Nigeria and Libya, the book establishes the co-relationship between state fragility and religious extremism in post-conflict settings. The book emphasizes the need to address the grievances of marginalized sections in all countries with fragile state structures that usually take to violence to make their voices heard. It also highlights the imperative for swift rehabilitation of poor people—who typically bear the brunt of conflicts and are often displaced forcefully—for restoring peace and security, and averting future disturbance.
State Fragility and Extremism in Post-Taliban Afghanistan
Afghanistan continues to remain trapped in a perpetual cycle of violence despite laying down the foundations of post-conflict transition in the country in the aftermath of Bonn Agreement of December 2001. An estimated 54.5 per cent of the Afghan population live below the poverty line,1 while 2.6 million people are still refugees,2 3.7 million children are out of school among which 60 per cent are girls3 and the infant mortality rate [Page 48]under five years of age is 67.9 per 1,000 live births.4 Although Afghanistan has made considerable progress in various fields of life since the fall of repressive Taliban regime in 2001, the country remains very fragile and is struggling ...