Drawing on the legacy of Paulo Freire and the insights of Antonio Gramsci, this book provides new ways of working with communities which put people at the heart of the development agenda. In addition, it offers a strong theoretical basis for action and an insight into the practical application of popular education methods and is based upon strong traditions of practice experience from both the developing and developed worlds. The book is structured so that the theory and practice are integrated. Each chapter provides key discussion points, practice examples, learning activities and a summary of content and learning points.



Chapter Objectives

In the Youth Work and Community Development Work National Occupational Standards, participation is an underpinning value and implicit across all of the standards. But what do we mean by participation, how should it inform the practice of youth and community workers and how does this fit with Freirean practice?

This chapter explores these questions. We then look at examples of how the ideals of participation can be applied to youth and community work practice at both a micro- and a macro-level.

Contested Ideas of Participation

Some writers see participation as a collective mass activity at grass roots level, and this would include those coming from a Freirean or a PRA (Participative Rapid Appraisal) perspective. Some radical commentators suggest that the idea of participation simply promotes ...

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