This major textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the main analytical approaches and their use in the study of third world politics and development. The author outlines the difficulties in the various analytical approaches to the study of development within political science; presents a critical overview of each of the main schools of thought and explores the contemporary issue of democratization to illustrate how students can apply a framework for research and critically develop a perspective on their own.
Chapter 7: (III) Dependency and Politics
(III) Dependency and Politics
If one sought, in the same way as with the modernisation school, to summarise the essence of the dependency perspective in a single sentence, one could say that dependency researchers presumed – in sharp contrast to their modernisation-oriented colleagues – that imperialism prevented the emergence in developing countries of an ideal-type European or self-centred development model, and then proceeded to study how in particular this prevention took place.
The Political Effects of Underdevelopment
One way of sounding out the dependency school is to focus on its four main sources of inspiration.1 The first consisted of theories rooted in the work of the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America,2 which argued that free international trade was not always advantageous for ...