This major textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the main analytical approaches and their use in the study of third world politics and development. The author outlines the difficulties in the various analytical approaches to the study of development within political science; presents a critical overview of each of the main schools of thought and explores the contemporary issue of democratization to illustrate how students can apply a framework for research and critically develop a perspective on their own.
Chapter 6: (II) Revised Modernisation and Guided Development
(II) Revised Modernisation and Guided Development
The modernisation theses soon proved inadequate from both an analytical and a political point of view. Revisions were inescapable. The main interest was still with problems of efficient, legitimate and stable politics in transitions from traditional to modern politics. A shift took place, however, from broad, functional and systems-oriented perspectives and explanations, to more detailed and contextualised analyses of organised interests, political institutions and the importance of political interventions and leadership.1 This occurred in a variety of ways; we shall examine the most important here.
First, there were those scholars who did not find the very general toolbox on modernisation very helpful when trying to explain how actual institutions and processes in different cases were ...