This major textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the main analytical approaches and their use in the study of third world politics and development. The author outlines the difficulties in the various analytical approaches to the study of development within political science; presents a critical overview of each of the main schools of thought and explores the contemporary issue of democratization to illustrate how students can apply a framework for research and critically develop a perspective on their own.
Chapter 5: (I) Modernisation and Political Development
(I) Modernisation and Political Development
If one were to seek within a single sentence to capture the essence of the modernisation perspective, one could say that researchers in this tradition first assumed that the developing countries were and should be on the way towards an ideal-type European development model, and then investigated the degree to which, and the problematic manner in which, this took place.
The Political Sociology and Economy of Modernisation
How did the modernisation theorists initially approach the study of politics and development? How did they delineate the subject?
Most political scientists occupied themselves, at the beginning of the 1950s, with political theory and with comparatively static analyses of political institutions (such as constitutions). They were consequently ill-equipped to discuss dynamic changes, ...