This major textbook provides a clear and comprehensive introduction to the main analytical approaches and their use in the study of third world politics and development. The author outlines the difficulties in the various analytical approaches to the study of development within political science; presents a critical overview of each of the main schools of thought and explores the contemporary issue of democratization to illustrate how students can apply a framework for research and critically develop a perspective on their own.

(VII) Post-Marxist Alternatives

(VII) Post-marxist alternatives

The Need for Revised Marxism and Institutionalism

I have chosen to describe the second tendency in contemporary debate as post-Marxist, although it also contains post-institutionalist elements and although, unfortunately, the notion is sometimes associated with postmodernism. To be quite clear: under our post-Marxist heading are found revisionist Marxists who not only refine but also go beyond deterministic positions – as well as revisionist institutionalists who not only take an interest in broader societal processes but also in social forces and conflicts. Separately and together those scholars seek to revise and to combine vital and productive elements from the earlier perspectives. Some institutionalists of the earlier variety now speak, for instance, of a ‘state-in-society approach’.1

Studies of Marxist theory and practice have demonstrated, ...

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