From the award-winning team behind the International Encyclopaedia of Political Science... Moving beyond mainstream “traditional” approaches to bring you a new advanced-level introduction to political science. A perfect introduction for postgraduates who are new to political science, as well as upper-level undergraduates looking to broaden and deepen their understanding of core topics, this progressive account: • Guides you through all key areas of political science: origins, methodological foundations, key topics, and current issues • Takes an international and pluralist perspective with all issues explored in a comparative way related to different cultural and historical contexts • Includes pulled-out descriptions of major concepts, further reading and self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter.

Non-Democratic Regimes

Non-Democratic Regimes

Key terms

  • Authoritarianism
  • Civilian authoritarianism
  • Civilian-military authoritarianism
  • Democracy without state
  • Hybrid regime
  • Limited democracy
  • Military authoritarianism
  • Quasi-democracies
  • Traditional regimes


In the previous two chapters, we paid attention to democracies and the phenomenon of long-term processes of democratization. Here, our attention is on the non-democratic alternatives and the key aspects of their own processes of change. According to empirical data, such as those by Freedom House, less than half of the almost 200 independent countries in the world are ruled by democracies and the other half by other kinds of regimes. Among the contemporary non-democratic countries, there are still a few traditional regimes (absolutist monarchies), roughly 50 to 60 hybrid regimes and 40 to 50 authoritarianisms. As with democracies, these alternatives today can be found in most parts of the world. In ...

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