• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

From the award-winning team behind the International Encyclopaedia of Political Science... Moving beyond mainstream “traditional” approaches to bring you a new advanced-level introduction to political science. A perfect introduction for postgraduates who are new to political science, as well as upper-level undergraduates looking to broaden and deepen their understanding of core topics, this progressive account: • Guides you through all key areas of political science: origins, methodological foundations, key topics, and current issues • Takes an international and pluralist perspective with all issues explored in a comparative way related to different cultural and historical contexts • Includes pulled-out descriptions of major concepts, further reading and self-assessment questions at the end of each chapter.

Democracies
Democracies
Key terms
  • Consensus democracy
  • Direct democracy
  • Liberal democracy
  • Majoritarian democracy
  • Parliamentary democracy
  • Presidential democracy
  • Regime
  • Representative democracy
  • Semi-parliamentary democracy
  • Semi-presidential democracy
  • Social democracy
  • State functions
Introduction

In the previous chapter, we presented the broader social-structural and political-cultural bases of politics as they shape current political structures and processes. Here, we have to define more precisely the notion of regime, in connection with state as discussed in the Introduction and with political system as discussed in the previous chapter. We then present an analysis of democracies from a static perspective and in the next chapter from a dynamic one. Chapter 7 will be devoted to the non-democratic regimes. In this way, we lay out the main theoretical bases of macro-politics, which are needed to develop our specialized language and any kind of empirical theory in the field. From ...

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