This book brings an exciting and innovative new approach to the study of politics today. It introduces political bargaining, a process at the heart of all political and economic exchanges in contemporary society and the very essence of politics itself, to provide a new framework and fresh insights to modern political science. The authors trace the prevalence of bargaining processes in politics from the abstract level of individual human interaction and the `state of nature’ to the more concrete political or institutionalized level. They introduce students to theory -- the basic models of game theory, rational choice theory and positivist approaches; practice -- the practical manifestations of political b
Chapter 6: Post Electoral Bargaining in Presidential Systems
Post Electoral Bargaining in Presidential Systems
6.1 Division of Power: Some Preliminary Thoughts
Parliamentary democracies and presidential democracies actually rest on fundamentally different principles. The essence of parliamentary systems is that political decisions are made in a parliament made up of representatives of the public at large. In the previous chapter we argued that the term ‘representative’ should not be taken literally. Representatives are elected by constituents to serve as delegates in the bargaining process that follows an election. The focal point of this bargaining process is the process of coalition formation. Parliamentary systems are usually governed by coalitions that form in parliament after the election and serve as the executive of the polity.
But the coalition is much more than just ...