• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book brings an exciting and innovative new approach to the study of politics today. It introduces political bargaining, a process at the heart of all political and economic exchanges in contemporary society and the very essence of politics itself, to provide a new framework and fresh insights to modern political science. The authors trace the prevalence of bargaining processes in politics from the abstract level of individual human interaction and the `state of nature’ to the more concrete political or institutionalized level. They introduce students to theory -- the basic models of game theory, rational choice theory and positivist approaches; practice -- the practical manifestations of political b

Special Interests and Political Entrepreneurs
Special interests and political entrepreneurs
4.1 Introduction: The Role of Political Entrepreneurs

The previous chapter described a simplified society in which rulers bargain with citizens directly. This polity has no mediating institutions in the form of political parties, organized special interests, or mass media. An analysis of the bargaining relationship between government and citizens in the context of such a society can thus provide only a partial picture and hence an incomplete explanation of real world of politics. To flesh out the picture we now introduce a new entity, political entrepreneurs, as generic players in the positive model of the polity.

Political entrepreneurs encompass various types of institution that serve as ‘middlemen’ between rulers and those they rule. In Chapters 5 and 6 ...

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