• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This book brings an exciting and innovative new approach to the study of politics today. It introduces political bargaining, a process at the heart of all political and economic exchanges in contemporary society and the very essence of politics itself, to provide a new framework and fresh insights to modern political science. The authors trace the prevalence of bargaining processes in politics from the abstract level of individual human interaction and the `state of nature’ to the more concrete political or institutionalized level. They introduce students to theory -- the basic models of game theory, rational choice theory and positivist approaches; practice -- the practical manifestations of political b

The Social Problem
The social problem
2.1 Introduction

Employing methodological individualism as our conceptual approach means that our unit of analysis, the entity to be studied, is the individual. So long as this hypothetical individual operates on his or her own, in a world free of constraints, there need not be any theoretical problems in understanding his or her behavior. This individual, we assume, has interests, tastes, and preferences, and knows what s/he wants. Our individual also knows, by the rationality assumption, how to order all possible outcomes based on his or her preferences. Moreover, even in a constrained world s/he can make an assessment of the various options available, figure out what is best from his or her point of view and make an informed choice. ...

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