This accessible textbook offers the first critical introduction to the UK's urban and rural planning policy. Andrew Gilg explains and evaluates policy development at each of the key stages:Objectives: What is the aim of planning in the UK?Methods: How appropriate is UK planning legislation?Procedures: How effective are the planning organizations and processes?Impacts: To what extent have planning policies addressed planning problems?Teaching devices and case studies are used throughout to illustrate the planning process. The text concludes with a discussion of the measurement of the success or failure of planning practices.Planning in Britain will be essential reading for all planning students, as well as geographers and land economists studying land use planning.
Chapter 2: Issues in Evaluation
Issues in Evaluation
All human activities can be gauged a success or a failure. Sport provides a simple example, where the score provides a clear-cut definition. However, other activities are far more complex and measuring their success is beset by many problems. Thus most government policies, which axiomatically are complex, were not formally evaluated until recently. However, since the 1980s, state activities have been increasingly measured by performance targets under a political paradigm that demands ‘value for money’. For example, schools are graded by exam performance, hospitals by the length of their waiting lists, and universities by the quality of their research and teaching. This has spawned a new pseudo-science of public policy evaluation (Howlett and Ramesh, 1995) with a range of evaluation ...