- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 8: Remaking Planning: II. Specific Policies, 1974–90
Remaking Planning: II. Specific Policies, 1974–90
In Chapter 6 we examined the four major strategic planning policies that were applied, with varying commitment, during the long post-war boom. This chapter extends this examination to the years when the boom ended and political consensus about these policies began to disintegrate. It is a story of both change and continuity, paralleling that of the planning system itself. In some policy areas, such as the pursuit of regional balance, the story is of wholesale retreat. Regional planning shrank in the 1970s and virtually disappeared in the 1980s while regional policy was dramatically diminished and partially reoriented. There are similarities in planned decentralization. The emergence of inner-city policies and the 1980s' assault on state ...