- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 7: Remaking Planning: I. The Changing System, 1974–90
Remaking Planning: I. The Changing System, 1974–90
These years saw dramatic and unprecedented changes in town planning. Although the policy roles of planners became more varied and diverse than ever before, their strategic ability to shape or even to influence urban change was much diminished. The very notion of a comprehensive approach to urban and regional planning policy, pursued with a genuine (even if not always total) political and administrative conviction from the 1940s to the 1970s, now became fragmented into piecemeal and disjointed initiatives.
The most common explanation of this dramatic remaking of planning can be summed up in one word: Thatcherism. Certainly, the radical right-wing, pro-market Conservative governments led by Margaret Thatcher from 1979 to 1990 played a ...