- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 6: Adjustments and New Agendas: II. Strategic Policies, 1952–74
Adjustments and New Agendas: II. Strategic Policies, 1952–74
By the early 1950s four major strategic physical planning policies of decentralization, redevelopment, containment and regional balance had been adopted to deal with the problems of urban Britain. The thinking on which they were based reflected the experiences of the inter-war years, as we saw in Chapter 3. And they became government policies largely because of the changed political priorities of the later 1930s and especially the 1940s, as we saw in Chapter 4. They remained centrally important throughout the following quarter century, implemented through the evolving planning system outlined in the previous two chapters. Yet, as we will see, their importance relative to each other varied significantly over time, ...