- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 5: Adjustments and New Agendas: The Changing Planning System, 1952–74
Adjustments and New Agendas: The Changing Planning System, 1952–74
The Town Development Act, passed in 1952 by Churchill's Conservative government, with full Labour support, formed the last major element of the immediate post-war planning legislation. At the core of these measures lay the Town and Country Planning Act 1947 so that all of them together are called ‘the 1947 Act system’. Everything else that followed in British planning, at least until the second half of the 1970s, rested on these impressive legislative foundations. This did not mean that the system was immutable. The most contentious parts of the 1947 Act were soon dropped, allowing the re-emergence of a rather freer market in development land. From about 1960 ...