- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 4: A New Orthodoxy of Planning, 1939–52
A New Orthodoxy of Planning, 1939–52
The outbreak of war in September 1939 appeared to dash hopes of any immediate action on the planning front. The quickening governmental interest in planning matters that had been apparent in the last years of peace, particularly in the work of the Barlow Commission, seemed to have been put into suspended animation. At home the new and urgent wartime priorities of evacuation, air raid protection, rationing, and a whole panoply of government emergency controls took precedence. Yet it soon became clear that physical and land use planning was not as irrelevant to the war effort as was immediately supposed. In fact the war turned out to be the catalyst that finally overcame political objections ...