- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 3: Widening Conceptions and Policy Shifts, 1914–39
Widening Conceptions and Policy Shifts, 1914–39
The 25 years between the outbreaks of the First and Second World Wars were extremely important for the evolution of all three dimensions of planning. For the first time planning was having real, if not always recognized, impacts on the development of towns and cities. The town extension policies embodied in the 1909 Act were implemented on a vast scale, although by mechanisms that had little to do with any formal planning actions. Meanwhile the conceptual bases of planning were being widened to embrace new spatial problems and rehearse new policy solutions.
This second phase in the development of planning thought had various origins. In part it was simply a reaction against mass suburbanization. Thus ...