- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 2: Ideas and the Beginnings of Policy, 1890–1914
Ideas and the Beginnings of Policy, 1890–1914
The last decade of the nineteenth and the early years of the twentieth centuries were the critical formative period for town planning thought and policy in Britain and other major urban industrial countries (Ward, 2002a). It was during this period that the specific reform movements which created the body of thought that informed modern town planning came to prominence. And it was during these years that the very term ‘town planning’ itself was coined, as an umbrella term to encompass the activities of separate, in some ways rather divergent, reform movements. A recognizable and self-conscious town planning movement appeared and began to foster town planning ideas in model schemes of various kinds. ...