- Subject index
Fully revised and thoroughly updated, the Second Edition of Planning and Urban Change provides an accessible yet richly detailed account of British urban planning. Stephen Ward demonstrates how urban planning can be understood through three categories: ideas - urban planning history as the development of theoretical approaches: from radical and utopian beginnings, to the `new right' thinking of the 1980s, and recent interest in green thought and sustainability; policies - urban planning history as an intensely political process, the text explains the complicated relation between planning theory and political practice; and impacts - urban planning history as the divergence of expectation and outcome, each chapter shows how intended impacts have been modified by economic and social forces. This Second Edition features an entirely new chapter on the key policy changes that have occurred under the Major and Blair governments, together with a critical review of current policy trends.
Chapter 10: Planning Impacts Since 1945 and the Future
Planning Impacts Since 1945 and the Future
In previous chapters we have often considered the specific effects of particular planning policies and initiatives. This final chapter steps a little further back and starts to assess planning's collective long-term impacts, before offering some final thoughts on the future. A welcome by-product of Thatcherite scepticism about planned intervention has been to encourage the evaluation of individual policy initiatives. But any kind of overall assessment, comparable to the Barlow Commission in the late 1930s, has been lacking. All too often planners (and decision-makers) have mistaken the latest policy initiative for a future urban trend. Yet if we try to look beyond intention, we must rely on unofficial, incomplete and sometimes rather biased ...