• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

This ground-breaking book is designed to enable nurses to understand the process of planned change. It presents overviews of three widely accepted change theories as well as a new systems-orientated planned change theory, and shows the implications of the theories for nursing practice.

Bhola's Configurations (CLER) Model
Bhola's configurations (CLER) model

This chapter consists of three parts. After a short discussion of the origin and foundations of Bhola's (1994) Configurations (CLER) Model of planned change, the authors present the model from Bhola's own writings. Suggestions for use of the CLER model follow its presentation.

Foundations and History of the Model

Bhola began work on his CLER model of planned change at the Ohio State University in the early 1960s. Somewhat later, as ...

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