Forty classroom-ready science teaching and learning activities for elementary and middle school teachersGrounded in theory and best-practices research, this practical text provides elementary and middle school teachers with 40 place-based activities that will help them to make science learning relevant to their students. This text provides teachers with both a rationale and a set of strategies and activities for teaching science in a local context to help students engage with science learning and come to understand the importance of science in their everyday lives.
Activity 36: Geology and Buildings
Humans have been using stone for building purposes for thousands of years. All over the world, we continue to use many types of stone for the construction of roads, bridges, buildings, and monuments. In almost any city or town, you can find a wide variety of building stones. Students study and learn to identify different rocks and minerals as part of Earth science in elementary and middle school, but they usually see only small samples and textbook pictures in the classroom. An urban geology field trip can allow students to see and touch much more impressive examples of these rocks and minerals while also having an opportunity to discuss other place-based topics related to construction, city planning, and environmental ...