This innovative and thought-provoking book argues that phenomenology was the most significant, wide-ranging and influential philosophy to emerge in the twentieth century. The social character of phenomenology is explored in its relation to the concern in twentieth century sociology with questions of modern experience. Phenomenology and sociology come together as 'ethnographies of the present'. As such, they break free of the self-imposed limitations of each to establish a new, critical understanding of contemporary life. By reading phenomenology sociologically and sociology phenomenologically, this book reconstructs a phenomenological sociology of modern experience.
Chapter 4: Dialogue: Phenomenology in Social Theory
Dialogue: Phenomenology in Social Theory
The structure of the social world can be disclosed as a structure of intelligible intentional meanings.
Schutz, The Phenomenology of the Social World
The concrete sciences of cultural phenomena … are related to that mundane sphere which transcendental phenomenology has bracketed.
Schutz, Collected Papers, vol. 1
Transcendental philosophy must remain in tension with any sociology of collective consciousness and any philosophy of history.
The first generation of phenomenologists were not directly interested in sociological issues. Not surprisingly philosophical problems, and especially epistemological questions, dominated the initial reception of Husserl's work. Sociology was conceptualized as falling into the region of ‘applied’ philosophy and, therefore, was considered of marginal relevance to phenomenological issues proper. And from the perspective of sociology, phenomenology was ...