This innovative and thought-provoking book argues that phenomenology was the most significant, wide-ranging and influential philosophy to emerge in the twentieth century. The social character of phenomenology is explored in its relation to the concern in twentieth century sociology with questions of modern experience. Phenomenology and sociology come together as 'ethnographies of the present'. As such, they break free of the self-imposed limitations of each to establish a new, critical understanding of contemporary life. By reading phenomenology sociologically and sociology phenomenologically, this book reconstructs a phenomenological sociology of modern experience.
Chapter 3: Variation: Method and Theme in the Development of Phenomenology
Variation: Method and Theme in the Development of Phenomenology
Being is the proper and sole theme of philosophy.
Heidegger, The Basic Problems of Phenomenology
Dasein is fascinated with its world.
Heidegger, Being and Time
The pure I, the subject of the transcendental consciousness in which the world is constituted, is itself outside the subject: self without reflection – uniqueness identifying itself as incessant awakening.
Levinas, Outside the Subject
All that exists consists of interpretation.
Nietzsche, Will to Power
In addition to the originality and evident importance of Husserl's published writings, his impressive personality and committed teaching attracted a growing number of exceptionally talented students. Through them Husserl's phenomenology made a powerful impact not only on academic philosophy but, more generally and to a growing extent, ...