Short chapter-opening cases followed by basic facts, key developments related to the chapter's theme, and related theoretical approaches help students understand key content. Insightful coverage on how the various approaches work together shows students how theories can be applied in a range of contexts. Discussion of empirical studies outside the Western cultural tradition and across a wide range of countries contributes to students’ understanding of cross-cultural influences. A separate chapter on gender discusses traditional and evolving views of sex, gender, and sexual orientation. An entire chapter on the clinical domain covers mental health, personality disorders, treatments, and applications relevant to students. Check and Apply Your Knowledge boxes include critical thinking questions that ask students to apply relevant theories to their everyday experiences. Self-reflection boxes ask students to think critically about their own lives, activities, accomplishments, and setbacks–all in the context of chapter content. Chapter-ending Visual Reviews help students understand each chapter’s key concepts.

The Adjustment Domain
Chapter 13 the adjustment domain

“None will improve your lot if you yourself do not.”

—Berthold Brecht (1898–1956), German playwright
Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify areas of change that require adjustment and coping in individuals
  • Describe the various types of adjustment and coping and their outcomes
  • Compare “helpful” personality traits with traits that are unhelpful in the coping process
  • Compare adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies
  • Identify ways to apply knowledge about personality psychology in the adjustment domain

Her life was full of hardship. Yet through all of her tragedies and challenges, Christina persevered, learned, and found renewed will and strength. She was the oldest of 15 siblings, five of whom died very young because of illness and poverty. She took care of her ...

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