Short chapter-opening cases followed by basic facts, key developments related to the chapter's theme, and related theoretical approaches help students understand key content. Insightful coverage on how the various approaches work together shows students how theories can be applied in a range of contexts. Discussion of empirical studies outside the Western cultural tradition and across a wide range of countries contributes to students’ understanding of cross-cultural influences. A separate chapter on gender discusses traditional and evolving views of sex, gender, and sexual orientation. An entire chapter on the clinical domain covers mental health, personality disorders, treatments, and applications relevant to students. Check and Apply Your Knowledge boxes include critical thinking questions that ask students to apply relevant theories to their everyday experiences. Self-reflection boxes ask students to think critically about their own lives, activities, accomplishments, and setbacks–all in the context of chapter content. Chapter-ending Visual Reviews help students understand each chapter’s key concepts.

The Humanistic Tradition

Chapter 9 the humanistic tradition

“Thank goodness for the first snow, it was a reminder—no matter how old you became and how much you’d seen, things could still be new if you were willing to believe they still mattered.”

—Candace Bushnell (b. 1958), American novelist, author of Sex and the City

Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Identify the main principles and historical contexts of humanistic psychology
  • Discuss the four assumptions of existentialism and May’s findings about fear
  • Discuss Maslow’s hierarchy of needs
  • Explain what it means to be autotelic
  • Discuss Rogers’s person-centered approach and the principles of positive psychology
  • Identify the accomplishments and shortcomings of the humanistic tradition
  • Identify ways to apply the key principles of the humanistic tradition to individual experience and behavior

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