Short chapter-opening cases followed by basic facts, key developments related to the chapter's theme, and related theoretical approaches help students understand key content. Insightful coverage on how the various approaches work together shows students how theories can be applied in a range of contexts. Discussion of empirical studies outside the Western cultural tradition and across a wide range of countries contributes to students’ understanding of cross-cultural influences. A separate chapter on gender discusses traditional and evolving views of sex, gender, and sexual orientation. An entire chapter on the clinical domain covers mental health, personality disorders, treatments, and applications relevant to students. Check and Apply Your Knowledge boxes include critical thinking questions that ask students to apply relevant theories to their everyday experiences. Self-reflection boxes ask students to think critically about their own lives, activities, accomplishments, and setbacks–all in the context of chapter content. Chapter-ending Visual Reviews help students understand each chapter’s key concepts.

The New Wave in the Psychoanalytic Tradition
Chapter 5 the new wave in the psychoanalytic tradition

“Sometimes misfortune brings opportunity.”

—Jocelyn Murray (b. 1970), American author
Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Compare Freud’s views with those of the new wave psychoanalysts
  • Summarize the key findings of ego psychology, including Erikson's stages of development
  • Discuss the theoretical expansions that moved away from the Freudian concept of libido
  • Discuss the development of fields of study that apply psychoanalysis to social behavior
  • Identify four contributions of the new wave psychoanalysts to personality psychology
  • Identify ways to apply the key principles of the new wave in the psychoanalytic tradition to individual experience and behavior

Long before Christiane Amanpour, Amy Kellog, and other network journalists began reporting from war zones, there was Martha ...

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