Short chapter-opening cases followed by basic facts, key developments related to the chapter's theme, and related theoretical approaches help students understand key content. Insightful coverage on how the various approaches work together shows students how theories can be applied in a range of contexts. Discussion of empirical studies outside the Western cultural tradition and across a wide range of countries contributes to students’ understanding of cross-cultural influences. A separate chapter on gender discusses traditional and evolving views of sex, gender, and sexual orientation. An entire chapter on the clinical domain covers mental health, personality disorders, treatments, and applications relevant to students. Check and Apply Your Knowledge boxes include critical thinking questions that ask students to apply relevant theories to their everyday experiences. Self-reflection boxes ask students to think critically about their own lives, activities, accomplishments, and setbacks–all in the context of chapter content. Chapter-ending Visual Reviews help students understand each chapter’s key concepts.

Research Methods
Chapter 3 research methods

“Everything must be taken into account. If the fact will not fit the theory—let the theory go.”

—Agatha Christie (1890–1976), English novelist
Learning Objectives

After reading this chapter, you should be able to:

  • Describe the primary research methods used in personality psychology
  • List the steps involved in preparing and conducting research
  • Identify ways to apply critical thinking skills in conducting research about personality

They will first check your identification documents to verify your birth date, birthplace, and your current address. Then they will measure your weight and height. Then they will verify your education and employment history. Your parents will be visited to learn about their parenting style. Then they will ask you to tie a necktie. Can you cook a meal? Please do. They ...

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