This textbook examines major theories of personality as they apply to an understanding of our past, present and future selves. Unlike traditional personality textbooks that merely present a succession of different theories, this student-centred volume examines how theories of personality have a bearing on questions that are relevant across the lifespan. A question-and-answer format invites students to approach personality psychology with an active attitude of critical inquiry in their search for objective knowledge and self-discovery. Throughout the text, students are encouraged to evaluate each theory in terms of how much it contributes to an understanding of their own personalities and lives. An instructor's manual is ava
Chapter 6: Needs, Motives, and Goals: What Do I Want? Why Does it Matter?
Needs, Motives, and Goals: What Do I Want? Why Does it Matter?
Do you ever eat when you're not hungry? Do you shop for things you don't need (or even want)? Do you spend time watching boring TV shows? If you answer “Yes” to any of the above questions, why do you think you act in those ways?
The question of why we want what we want is the question of motivation. Human motives differ in their accessibility to awareness. Sometimes we know clearly what we want and why we want it. At other times the true motives for our behavior are hazy, indistinct, or completely unknown to us.
We infer the presence of unconscious motivation ...