Organizations are finding an ever-more-pressing need to select people with high probabilities of adjusting to and succeeding in work situations. To understand how and why individuals frame the same set of environmental factors differently, this thorough review of personality theory and measurement in work settings isolates the specific vital impacts on behavior in industrial and organizational settings.

Three Fertile Domains for Future Personality Research in Organizations

Three fertile domains for future personality research in organizations

It is, of course, impossible to forecast creativity. Nonetheless, it is possible to identify seminal ideas in the study of personality that are likely to have impacts on research in multiple disciplines, including industrial and organizational behavior. An example is interactional psychology. An ancient idea that was given scientific texture and direction in the 1970s (see Chapter 2), interactional psychology is the parent theoretical paradigm for much of the present personality research in industrial and organizational psychology and organizational behavior (Kristof, 1996; Schneider, 1996). It gives substance to the models that guide our research, such as person-environment fit and attraction-selection-attrition (see Chapter 2). In this chapter, we present ...

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